Taiwan 1. Joyce C.H. LIU劉紀蕙 Professor, Institute of Social Research and Cultural Studies, National Chiao Tung University Internal Colonization and Affective Histories : Re-considering Border Thinking and Immanent Critique
2. Yuan-Horng CHU朱元鴻 Professor, Institute of Social Research and Cultural Studies, National Chiao Tung University The Legacy of Colonialism in Identity Formations
France 3. Jon SOLOMON蘇哲安 Professeur, Université Jean Moulin Lyon 3 Eurocentrism, Revisited : Towards a Non-colonial Imaginary This essay aims at a way of imagining the disciplinary organization of the humanities and the socio-political organization of human populations in tandem together beyond the legacy of the imperial-colonial modernity. In order to accomplish this task, it could be very useful to revisit the definition of Eurocentrism. Discarding the tropes of origin and influence, we would like to take Eurocentrism as a general problem of the colonial-imperial modernity, a problem that concerns two aspects : the first of these two would be the supposed link between a region/community and a school or style of thought ; the second would be the construction of subjectivity through the apparatus of the area.
Humanists increasingly recognize the inherently comparative nature of all work in the humanities, regardless of the discipline. Yet rather than calling for a new comparativism based on the suppposed unitary aspects of the object of study (i.e., astronomy is always astronomy whether it occurs in India, China or Europe), we would like to argue for a comparativism oriented towards the problems of subjective formation. To that end, our methodology stresses the role of translation as a practice of indeterminacy in the social.
Taiwan Hung-Yueh LAN藍弘岳 Associate Professor, Institute of Social Research and Cultural Studies, National Chiao Tung University “Meiji Knowledge” and the Politics of Colonial Taiwan : The Discourse of “National Character” and the Resistance of Tawanese Intellectuals
4. Chun-yen CHEN陳春燕 Associate Professor, Department of English, National Taiwan Normal University A Revisit to Euro/Ocularcentrism : From a Media Theory Perspective This paper seeks to revisit the question of ocularcentrism in light of theory of media broadly understood. I take as a point of departure Martin Jay’s famous discussion of the scopic regimes of European modernity (linear perspectivalism, the Dutch art of describing, and the baroque), and assess Bruno Latour’s techno-anthropological take on them. While Latour’s explication can be technocentric at times, his attempt to elucidate the rationalization of the visual by examining the inscription technology in various visual cultures can be illuminating—illuminating, as I will argue, insofar as we look at inscription in terms of mediation. Building on Latour’s claim, I hope to show that a redefined concept of medium can help recast the terms of debate regarding the visualization-cognition link in the Western tradition.
5. Hung-Yueh LAN藍弘岳 Associate Professor, Institute of Social Research and Cultural Studies, National Chiao Tung University “Meiji Knowledge” and the Politics of Colonial Taiwan : The Discourse of “National Character” and the Resistance of Tawanese Intellectuals
Hong Kong 6. Yew-Foong HUI許耀峰 Research Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Hong Kong Shue Yan University The (Post)colonial Order and Transitional Subjects
USA 7. Haiyan LEE李海燕 Associate Professor, Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures, Stanford University “Two Wongs Can Make It White” : Charlie Chan and the Orientalist Exception *Note : For the “Colonial Unconscious” section. Charlie Chan, the “Oriental” detective hero of a long-running popular culture franchise, first appeared in the early part of the 20th century when passions of racist xenophobia ran high in the United States. Why did Americans, hating and fearing the Chinese, love the fictional detective ? This paper tackles the enigma of Charlie Chan by situating him at the intersection of critical legal studies, genre studies, cognitive science, and postcolonial critique. I argue that Chan’s character is the bastard offspring of legal Orientalism meets genre fiction. He speaks to the troubled awareness that the route to justice is all too often crooked and strewn with residues, and his Oriental obliquity is a trope for the regime of exception that underlies both the state of law and detective fiction.
Taiwan 8. Shih Chian HUNG洪世謙 Assistant Professor, Institute of Philosophy, National Sun Yat-sen University Multiple Borders and Non Subject
9. Chialan Sharon WANG王嘉蘭 Assistant Professor, Foreign Language Center, Feng Chia University Native Schizophrenia : The Mythologization of Colonial Memory in Gan Yaoming’s Killing the Ghost This paper investigate the way colonial legacy at once constitutes and undermines nationhood. In looking into Taiwan’s contemporary “native-soil” (xiangtu) novels, I discuss the contested relationship between the former colonized and the colonial past in light of René Girard’s notion of mimetic desire. Contemplating on the way the internal rivalry generated within the subject formation of the colonized, I look into Gan Yaoming’s Killing the Ghost as a case study. I argue that in retelling Taiwan’s colonial history as phantasmagoric myths and supernatural events, Gan’s work conjures up homeland as fragmented and schizophrenic. As the dramatic representation of history foregrounds “home” as an assemblage of conflicting affects, such affects depict the nationhood as a traumatic and grotesque locus.
10. Yin WANG王穎 Assistant Professor, Department of Foreign Languages and Literature, National Cheng Kung University Rematerializing Anticolonialism : W.E.B. DuBois’s Engagement with the UN and the Postwar Human Rights Governance *Note : For the “De-colonizing Philosophy” section. This paper reads W. E. B. Du Bois’s writings on the Allied Powers’ political arrangements in the aftermath of the Second World War, especially Color and Democracy (1945) and the several NAACP petitions he penned and submitted to the United Nations, to comb his critique of the UN’s constrained human rights interventions and their parallel with the U.S. state’s neo/liberal management of difference. In examining Du Bois’s reaction to what Eric Porter terms “the first postracial moment” in modern west, this paper analyzes his discursive contours, his fraternization with communist leaders since the late nineteen-fifties, and his influences on Black Nationalist writers and artists at the time. Taken together, this paper argues Du Bois’s critique of the dematerializing properties of UN anticolonialism offers a valuable windows onto the decisive postwar suturing of U.S. globalism to hegemonic civil rights narratives.
Hong Kong 11. Sze Wei ANG洪絲懷 Assistant Professor, Department of Comparative Literature, University of Hong Kong Coloniality and the Discourse of Victimization As Asia moves from colonialism to globalization, how the state views itself has undergone changes, and these changes are embodied in the state’s own treatment of race. This talk traces the use of the term “postnational” and offers a reading of how figurations of the state are used in different ways as the global economic system evolves and its structures become more diffused. Through close readings of novels such as Preeta Samarasan’s Evening is the Day and Rozlan Mohd Noor’s THE GODs, this chapter thus examines the contradictions of the nation-state that both places and displaces it as a center of political and cultural critique. Lydia Liu’s short essay in the PMLA’s special issue on war in 2009 argues that states also deploy the rhetoric of injury vis-à-vis other states, for example, and demonstrates that the tropic function of ethics not only has effects on racial minorities, but also on the states that use those tropes. Relationships between race and the state may be changing in the age of hyper-capitalism where different local and national cultures are increasingly integrated into a new global order, and we need to re-examine the role the state plays in global culture.
12. Su Yun KIM金秀妍 Assistant Professor, School of Modern Languages and Cultures, University of Hong Kong Race and Sexuality in Colonial Korean Literature During the Japanese colonial rule in Korea (1910-1945), the Government General of Korea encouraged marriage between Koreans and Japanese. At the same time, many Korean writers penned stories about romance between Koreans and Japanese. This presentation pays attention to “romantic love” represented in the novella “Frozen Fish” (Naengdongŏ, 冷凍魚, 1940). Written by one of the leading writers in the late colonial era, Ch’ae Mansik (1902-1950), “Frozen Fish” explores the short encounter between a former socialist Korean male writer and a Japanese New Woman in Seoul, the capital of colonial Korea. My reading focuses on following questions : how does this text represent the male gaze on sexualized female body, and what are the additional complications brought to the couples due to colonial background ? How does the New Woman figure fit in the time of expansion of Japanese Empire in the early 1940s ? I contextualize these questions with other literature on intermarriage and romance between Koreans and Japanese.
Postdoctoral Fellows Taiwan 13. Ya-Feng MON 毛雅芬 Postdoctoral Fellow, IICS, NCTU Colonial/Non-colonial History and the Body Archive : Tainan as a Case Study The project looks at historic renovation projects in Tainan city, Taiwan to at once study current Tainan city life and historiography.
Various private investors have recently involved themselves in converting numerous old buildings in the city centre into shops, hotels, restaurants and vendor markets. Promoting nostalgic lifestyles while reconstructing local characteristics, these commercial ventures are not only keen to appropriate antique objects and historical images. But they are also enthusiastic about engaging existing local communities, from which narratives of the past were intentionally extracted for preservation and re-circulation.
Comparable phenomena are observable in other Taiwan cities. What distinguishes Tainan, nevertheless, are its relatively modest size and its history of being the capital city across different periods of colonisation. In recent years, as a consequence, the city government has quite fruitfully put a great deal of effort into re-planning the city and advertising its historic sites as the main tourist attractions. Alongside the emerging trend, the Graduate Institute of Studies in Documentary at Tainan National University of the Arts has also extended its scope to the practices of film archiving and film restoration.
Using Tainan as a case study, I am particularly interested in the very way people have thus (re)experienced colonial or noncolonial history, as dwellers or tourists, within the city. I mean to explore whether and how casual encounter with historic buildings, recycled objects or old images may have affectively reconfigured people’s relationship to the past. With the encounter usually charged with fun and emotions apart from symbolic significance, I speculate that it has generated a specific sense of history that is sustained by the leisure-seeking body’s chance archiving of (reconstructed) past everydayness. Combining this study with my research on mundane exchange of historical image via new media, I intend especially to contrast the casual encounter in question with the museum experience, which nowadays embraces also bodily participation. All relevant activities, experiences and phenomena will be studied against the backdrop of the political and business trends towards community building and heritage preservation.
Taiwan 14. Farkhod ABDURAKHMONOV PhD student at NCTU Democratization Problems in Central Asian Countries It has already 25 years have passed as the Soviet Union collapsed and its base formed the newly independent states. Uzbekistan is one of the new states in Post-Soviet area which have chosen its own way of development through building democratic society and the market economy.
The first years of independence the Government took some steps to implement these goals. In particular, prepared and adopted a number of laws relating to issues of democracy and market economy, the Government has approved a number of international laws on human rights. But unfortunately all these documents bore formal and for show in within society and in the international arena. Currently, in Uzbekistan and in almost all of countries of Central Asia heating political regime based on dictatorship and authoritarianism which I would say is worse than ever had such a regime in history. But in spite of this the international community and the leaders of the some Western countries support such regimes on the pretext of fighting terrorism, in turn, the rulers of these states all its antihuman and criminal action justified as the fight against terrorism.
In region power and wealth is concentrate in the hands of very small clans, families, actively practices locality discrimination, destroyed civil society, there are massively violating of human rights at home and in abroad. Jails of states full with political prisoners and religious believers, formally exists multiparty system while real opposition forces expelled in abroad or leaders of opposition and their relatives are in prison more than 20 years, high level of corruption which involves all spheres of social life-it starts from maternity hospital to the cemetery, fully censorship in mass-media, no any freedom of speech and even complaints about everyday problems to Government officials ends with jail by interpreting it as “enemy of nation”, terrorist”, “religious extremist and fundamentalist”, TV, radio and newspapers main activity is directed praising presidents, grandiloquent slogans.
Countries are in reality police states with a lot of number of security service persons, police officers and torture their main weapon. They control everything, there is no private life and all these acts as we mentioned above justified with global fighting with terror. The principles of the Constitution are violated mainly by rulers. Countries have high level of unemployment rate, inflation rate and accordingly devaluation of national currencies, about 30-35 percent among labor forces are working in ordinary works mainly in Russia while Governments never recognized this reality and the rights of migrant workers is not protected. There is a huge difference in income inequality between richest and poorest people and more than 60 % of population lives below of poverty line. At the same time international organizations have reportedly does not see the real situation or ignore the facts and stating that Uzbekistan is the country with successfully developing path.
In short, we are citizens of Uzbekistan living in society which more dangerous than we had beforecommunistic system, existing political regime are based on the basis of lies, hypocrisy and violence. In fact on a global level the real evil is the presence of such regimes in the 21st century which should be destroyed by fighting in global arena. We think that, it is important to establish in structure of the United Nations an independent commission to combat this scourge and the decision of this body should have a compulsory character. In this case this body should not depend on the will of any State.
Some works has done to research these phenomena but there are does not exist fully complexity work to explain modern dictatorial regimes. Therefore, it is necessary to concentrate our research in below questions :
What is the similarity between dictatorial regimes in the past and in the modern time ;
Why is the dictatorial regime have long continuity features and which factors would be influenced for long existence of this regime : culture, traditions, religion, availability of natural resources, external supports from West, geopolitical interests of great countries ? How to correlate these factors and how calculate the rate of influence of each factor ?
Why in during dictatorial regime people would become apathetic and coward and how state to transubstantiate people to Zombies ?
Why Western countries think that for fighting with terrorism they need dictators ? In what level we can approve that democratic government will not fight actively with terrorism ? Are there any theories or experiences about this issue ?
Considering the fact that Central Asian countries were under colony of Russian Empire more than 130 years and therefore, how it can be interpreted current dictatorial regimes in the context of neo-colonialism ?
Given the above it seems that we need to activate the scientific work in this direction. In modern era where globalization took place, higher level of information technology, enough theoretical and empirical works related to democracy and in this time it should be no place for dictatorship in any corner of the world. We are scholars of social science and culture has to raise our voices, thoughts.
15. CHEN Yun-shen陳運昇 Ph.D. student, NCTU The Empire’s Desirable Body : The Body Representation in and beyond Japanese War Cinema From the second Sino-Japanese war since 1937 to the end of the War in 1945, Japanese cinema was mobilized to produce propaganda films. If these war films are treated as a specific genre, they focus on the certain body-desire relation. Different form Laura Mulvey’s description in which the female body is subjected to the camera identifying with the male gaze, the Japanese War cinema projects its desire to the male body and then further on its colonies’ male body. My paper intends to discuss the representation of such projection of desire in the Japanese War film, and also bring in examples from post war Korea and Taiwan cinema, to discuss how such representation of the body and the desire towards the body are inscribed into the unconscious of the colony, and to map out how such imperial body representation is repressed, displaced, condensed and then discharged.
16. Hsin-Ju LIU Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures, NTU Becoming Minor : Reading Theresa Hak Kyung Cha’s Dictée as A Minoritizing This paper aims to explore Dictée as a de-colonial approach to reveal the hidden history that marks the spirits of becoming and minor literature according to Deleuze and Guattari’s ideas. Inspired by Lawrence Venuti’s, I would also like to view Dictée as a translation of a secret and colonized history of the immigrant in Dictée. Félix Guattari and Gilles Deleuze’s ideas about “becoming” in cultral and national configuration are not easy to understand. The concepts of becomings are deterritorialized and revolutionary ; it is a condition rather than a specific identity. Becoming is a reshaping and circulating formulation, channeling from different perspectives. To approach this aspect of becoming through monority literature is a good starter, for “man is majoritarian par excellence, whereas becomings are minoritarian ; all becoming is a becoming-minoritarian” (Deleuze and Guattari, 291). Theresa Hak Kyung Cha’s Dictée illustrates the ideas of becoming/minoritizing in Félix Guattari and Gilles Deleuze’s What Is a Minor Literature along with Lawrence Venuti’s ideas of translation as a minoritizing project. The hidden and unaccounted history of the minority groups can be shown in Cha’s Dictée, and this is a minoritizing project that decolonizes the master narrative from a minor perspective.
17. MAI Thi Thu梅氏秋 Ph.D student, the Institute of Social Research and Cultural Studies at NCTU The Colonial Roots of Contemporary Vietnamese Economic Migration In order to understand the colonial roots of contemporary Vietnamese economic migration, the paper studies the people agency in changing patterns of Vietnamese economic migration since the colonial time. In order to fulfill its aim, the paper first explores the socio-political aspect in the historical trajectory of the Vietnamese economics migration since the French Indochina. Second, the paper also analyses the changes in the social and politico-economic fabrics in the country since its industrialization and modernization. And third, as in the social fabric, people agency in economic migration can be identified, the paper uses contemporary Vietnamese migrant in Taiwan and their personal stories to draw out a link between colonial and contemporary Vietnamese economic migration.
The paper argues that, due to the social turmoil caused by anti-colonial and anti-imperial struggles, Vietnam remained to be relatively underdeveloped country and plays only peripheral role in the world economic system and remains a source of a cheap labor force (or raw materials) as it get used to be during the colonial time. Moreover, the country is in the stage of a profound social transformation where the economic conditions of the people are most frequented topics in daily conversation that caused a strong desire of the Vietnamese people for economic success. This pull factor together with a lack of other opportunities and romantic imagination of Vietnamese people about a possible economic success abroad leads to a strong desire for economic migration in Vietnam.
18. Francesca PIERINI若遙 Ph.D. student, the graduate Institute of Social Research and Cultural Studies at NCTU, and an International Scholar at KU Leuven, Belgium “Such is the Working of the Southern Mind” : The Colonial Unconscious in Popular Anglo-American Literature of the European South This paper proceeds from the much discussed, celebrated and problematized application of Michel Foucault’s theories to the field of Oriental studies, but diverts the focus of inquiry from the East/West divide to the between the north and the south of Europe. It sets itself the goal to analyse the presence of the colonial unconscious in discourses that have been employed in rationalizing such divide, and to individuate them, in their explicit or implicit expression, in contemporary Anglo-American popular works set in Italy.
Such discourses on the south of Europe have the function of reiterating a cultural hierarchy based on a perceived divide between more and less rational places, places that better conform to a certain notion of modernity, and places that exist to remind the modern of a different existential experience.
19. Julien QUELENNEC朱利恩 PhD Student, NCTU-Paris 8 The Role of Hermeneutics in the Denial of Coloniality : The Case of Chinese Studies In this paper, we would like to consider hermeneutics as a tradition, a practice, an attitude and a strategy, which is commonly adopted to deny the significance of colonial modernity regarding the problematization of conflicts associated to the discourse on “cultural differences”. Generally speaking, hermeneutics presents itself as a “cure”, a remedy to these conflicts. It struggles against misunderstanding in order to set up the conditions of a reciprocal exchange of meaning. The colonial history is perceived in that sense as a hindrance to the general project of mutual understanding inasmuch as it provides an obvious manifestation of the articulation of the relations of signification to a system of power relations. Through the example of Chinese studies, we would like to shed light on the difficulties posed by an hermeneutic detour when it comes to deal with the “coloniality of power”.
20. Sophie Hsin-lin SU蘇欣臨 Doctoral candidate of English Department at NKNU Virus and Terror : Migrant Labors in Hari Kunzru’s Transmission and Monica Ali’s In the Kitchen Because of the San Francisco murder case committed by an illegal immigrant in the early July 2015, the immigrant policy of the United States encounters austere castigations : how to protect American citizens under the circumstances with unexpected terror ? This paper aims at suggesting a purview of a paradoxical concept of legitimacy : illegal Asian immigrants and labors as a community transgress American and British state apparatus in a context of transnational capital domination. The attack of 9/11 escalates the tension between the Western Bloc and “terrorism” in the name of national security. With a rampant conceptualization of terrorism amplified by repetitive broadcasting of threats as Osama bin Laden and ISIS, the transmission of terrorism image on the American media targets radical Muslim as a veritable landslide smashing its confidence securing its empire. How do the images of “terror” bombarding the public recognition of terrorism globally aggregate a panoptic examination on the legitimacy of aliens when it comes to a juridical limit that the system of surveillance claims its legitimacy ?
21. SUN Chia Ting孫佳婷 Institute of Social Research and Culture Studies at NCTU Resistance of Homosexuality : Transnational Operation of Reproductive Medicine Thailand which is one of the few countries in Asia hasn’t been colonized. Thailand obtains the reputation as “Asia’s medical center” by combines traditional culture with natural resources and medical tourism which led by the government. Thereforce, successfully attracts a lot of people from all over the world and creates amazing income to the country. The Taiwanese homosexuals who are limited by law and discipline also attract by reproductive medication, make the health regulation border becomes not so clear by operate assisted reproductive technology abroad. This article is going to discuss how the homosexuality to present their agency as a resistance subject and the life status under this context.
22. Hui-Yu TANG唐慧宇 PhD student, NCTU Politics of Experience : Reassessing Contemporary Discourse of Decolonization Is “de-colonizing philosophy” a question already contained within continental philosophy itself, in other words, the same old dialectic of theory and practice, or, is it a new imperative from “outside” continental philosophy ? If there must be an outside, what is the knowledge-form and the location of this outside ? I will discuss Dipesh Chakrabarty’s existential viewpoint in his Provincializing Europe to answer to this question. The purpose of this discussion is to show that his existentialism, while different from traditionalism and historical pedagogy, is indispensable in thinking decolonizing philosophy. Nevertheless, I will point to the shortcoming of Chakrabarty’s idea by showing that this existentialism is in the end a way of “dwelling,” rather than political will.
USA 23. Lawrence Zi-Qiao YANG楊子樵 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures, University of California at Berkeley The Heart of the Matter : The Immaterial Forms of Colonial Technicity This paper probes into the material unconsciousness of Taiwanese coloniality by focusing on the affective infrastructure mediated by building technologies. It argues for an understanding of colonial subjective formation fabricated by the surface-cladding system of built environment. By situating the process of colonial assimilation within the evolution of exterior “skin” of architecture—that of ceramics tiles, in particular, it embarks upon a trans-medial reading of the surface-coloration theory proposed by Ide Kaoru, major colonial urban planner and architect between the 1910s and the1930s. While Ide’s theory and practice seek to establish a teleological view of architectural mimesis in terms of surface color between the Japanese inland and the colonized island, the author suggests that there exited a persisting form of affective technicity inherent to tile/tiling, which might have subverted such a hierarchical mimesis. Based on technical reports, narratives, and filed work, the paper theorizes tile-cladding in the colonial period as an interface upon which both the catastrophic memory of the colonizers and the local anxiety about connection and connectivity are inscribed, modulated, and transformed. At the end, the author will discuss the historical persistence and reemergence of this technical/affective form in the postwar era of neoliberal urbanism.
France 24. Ti-han CHANG張迪涵 Doctorante, Institute d’Études Transtextuelles et Transculturelles, Université Lyon III Jean Moulin Rethinking Colonial History and the History of Philosophy through Postcolonial Ecologies This paper proposes to rethink colonial history and the history of philosophy in relation to postcolonial ecology, a notion that is articulated through the study of postcolonial environmental literature. Evoking Elizabeth DeLoughrey and George B. Handley’s definition, postcolonial ecology is the study of postcolonial environmental literature which foregrounds a spatial imagination made possible by the experience of place. This conception of postcolonial ecology is essential for the project of this paper because, upon entering a new phase of significant climate change, our ways of perceiving the world historically and philosophically have markedly changed. On the one hand, it is inevitable for both contemporary philosophy and historical studies to take the environment into account. On the other, in order to “de-colonize” philosophy, one has to, as DeLoughrey and Handley highlight, include the colonial history of the natural environment.
Traditionally, when the environment was treated in philosophical thinking, it was often evoked through the philosophizing and the imagination of the pastoral, as in the writings of Rousseau and Heidegger. Nevertheless, DeLoughrey and Handley point out that postcolonial ecology cannot be inspired by the imagination or the philosophizing of the pastoral, for this concept was “unnaturally” configured during the colonial/imperial periods. In this paper, I shall draw on J.M. Coetzee’s criticisms of the spatial imagination of the pastoral in his award-winning novel, Disgrace (1999), in order to rethink colonial history and the history of philosophy.
25. JIANG Xiaolu PhD student, the institution of transcultural and intertextuality at the university Lyon 3 The Colonial Experience of Shanghai in the Novel Midnight This novel is set in Shanghai of the 1930s, the author narrated the failure of the Chinese capitalists because of competition from the comprador’s capital and foreign capital. Actually, it’s not a simple reflection of the historical reality nor an instrument of the ideology and politics. This failure implied a capitalist colonial experience because Shanghai had been brought into the global capitalist system by the construction of the capital market. What’s important is that the author tried to create the new Chinese character under this complex condition. Furthermore, this colonial experience also contained the rethinking of the modernity through the description of the image of city. Hence, this task will devote to research the creation of the new Chinese character and the rethinking of the modernity by the colonial experience of Shanghai in order to reexamine the value of the novel Midnight.
26. Xiao Han Doctoral student, Institute for Transtextual and Transcultural Studies at University Lyon 3-Jean Moulin From New Enclosure Movement to New Slavery Era in 21st Century China : Analyzing the Representation of Primitive Accumulation in a Post-colonial Context Primitive accumulation of capital, a violent process of separation between producers and means of production and a supposed “original concept,”is famous for Karl Marx’s indication which is presupposed as a starting point and the preconditions of capitalist mode of production. In addition, during this process, enclosure movement and bloody slavery trade that are considered as the foundation and the basic accumulation process. What is so interesting about the present time is that such historical examples are not limited to be called as colonial events but are part of the modern problem of society and governance in general. Nowadays, with the blooming of real-estate market, the new enclosure movement and the new slavery era in China imply that these historical events are repeated and intersected in a discontinued continuity. Hence, this essay attempts to break the framework of the established concept in order to analyze how primitive accumulation is represented as a technology in social transitions and post-colonial context.
27. Paula LUCIANO PhD Candidate, Université Jean Moulin Lyon 3 Quilombos : A Discussion of the Concept of Freedom In 1988, the Brazilian government recognized its first quilombo as a minority group due a common rural phenomenon marked by its ethnic characteristic : the majority of members consisted of afrodescendants. During the colonization in Brazil, the quilombos were known as hidden communities of fugitive slaves inasmuch a place of resistance, surviving activities and freedom. The representational sphere invoked by the government unfolds questions such as cultural memory, the colonial unconscious, inclusion and enclosure through self and lawenforced subjectification and imaginary institutionalization. Throughout this paper, we will discuss how the concept of freedom differs between the quilombo as a colonial phenomenon and its "modern" state recognition. Furthermore, what will be at stack consists of how the coloniality of power and knowledge operates in our collective imaginary and freedom still remains a collective constraint.
MA/MA Students Taiwan 28. Elsa DANIELS IACS MA student at NCU The Nicaragua Canal : Central America and Its "Backyard" Complex Nicaragua has recently received international attention as an environmentally friendly initiative led by Chinese billionaire,Wang Jing is underway. Recent discussion has defended its environmentally friendly potential and last December’s COP21 certainly gave its green seal of approval. It would reduce waste and shipping costs by cutting the trip to the Panama Canal short. It would also aid the economy of Nicaragua by providing thousands of jobs in construction, maintenance and tourism work. On the other hand, some have taken this opportunity to point out the further friction that this project would cause between China and the USA. China is slyly tiptoeing into the US’s “backyard” while the US had been busy with other foreign affairs. Some welcome it as a kind of fuck you to the gringos upstairs, especially those who have not forgotten the US’s past meddling in the country’s and region’s political affairs, but others, and mainly those who will be displaced by this majestic project, see it as yet foreign power putting on a philanthropic we’re-here-to-save-you-from-complete-disaster air.
29. Daria KOLUPAEVA IACS MA student at NCTU De-colonization as a Method Colonization stayed in the past. Is that true ? Or do we live with its consequences ?
Nowadays colonial system is still influential. The key problem for me is the monopoly of western research methods, that still in use even in countries that were colonized. Colonizers were not interested into integration of their authorities, they insisted on direct implement of it, ignoring the existing traditional system. So the methods of researching of colonized countries were westernized too. Even after they left Asia, methods didn’t disappear. For example, during Cold War there were two ways of explaining – and they both didn’t reflect the specific of post-colonial countries.
What is the way of ending it ? For me it’s the gradual and structural changing of methodology of research. By doing this de-colonized countries will be able to get rid of what stayed when colonizers left.
30. Leslie Hao-shan LEE李豪善 IACS MA student, NCTU Between the ‘Sinophone’ and the ‘European’ : Cultural Crossing and Politics of Diaspora in Tsai Ming-liang’s The Wayward Cloud and Visage My paper projects to study the cinema and discourse of Taiwan-based filmmaker Tsai Ming-liang, who born in the East Malaysian state of Sarawak on the island of Borneo by selecting two of his Taiwanese-French musical films : The Wayward Cloud (2005) and Visage (2009) to see how Tsai mobilizes the 1940s-60s mandarin popular songs to weave his way to a cross-border cultural, queer and imagined geography departing from the Republican Shanghai, post/colonial Hong Kong and Sarawak, post-martial law Taiwan to contemporary Paris. I argue that what Tsai has created in his films is a transnational Chinese/Sinophone articulation that serves us an alternative approach to trans-cultural traffic and a radical localization between and beyond Inter-Asian regions.
31. LEE Hui-Ming李惠敏 NCTU Putting Away Beast Spirit Steles from the Japanese Colonial Period in Present-day Taiwanese Slaughterhouses Taiwan was ruled by the Japanese empire from 1895 to 1945. The tradition of the colonizer, the Japanese, included setting a stele standing near animal slaughter huts, or wherever butchers killed animals, to respect the dead spirits of the animals. When the colonial time was over, Taiwan quickly developed into a modern society. Thence, the government started to pay attention to the hygienic conditions of these places. Authorities at the time did not relocate the steles immediately, but only after decades. Not only are the steles relocated now, but the carved characters on the stone which should read,“For the Spirit of Beasts”were also rimmed with thick gold and different characters were added alongside the originals bearing the present governor’s name. The whole process of the relocation and rewriting of the steles not only represents the de-trajectory of colonial times, but also the remaking of the meaning of a “standing history.”
32. Jamesin TSAI蔡恩祥 Institute of Social Research and Culture Studies at NCTU Language Issues in Post-colonial Philippines : A Life Story of a Person Who Doesn’t Own a Language The idea of one nation-state encompassing national language(s) often give rise to feelings of disharmony and disaffection, since not only nation policy but also identity, social economic and world trend may affect a person’s choice on what language to use. The Philippines as a newly developing nation-state has to contend with a history of Spanish and American colonialism and seek ways to integrate its many languages and dialects to ensure social cohesion.
Under this circumstance, Filipinos suffer from language problems. Therefore, this paper will focus on the expression of cultural and social identity through language learning and development of a young Filipino man with mixed ethnic parentage growing up in Baguio city. By exploring his life story, I will attempt to address some of the issues and factors influencing language acquisition in contemporary Philippines nation-state stand versus an individualistic perspective.
Other Taiwan 33. Kit WONG Former student at Paris VIII, independent journalist/ translator in Taiwan Neo-colonial resistance, neo-colonial acting out and neo-colonial passage a l’acte : analyzing the rise of "localism" in post-colonial Hong Kong Through an ideological analysis of the recent shift in the political landscape of Hong Kong, this paper aims to articulate the psychoanalytic consequence of the concept of return of the repressed, in the context of a colonial unconscious, by establishing three complementary concepts : neo-colonial resistance, neo-colonial acting out and neo-colonial passage a l’acte. First, a history of neo-colonial resistance, the failure to recognize colonialism, can be traced back to the aftermath of the 1967 riot, when the struggle against colonial rule subsides to give room to economic development and marketization. Second, neo-colonial acting out is a signified act to represent otherwise inexpressible frustrations towards the social consequence of neo-liberalism. This acting out gives rise to a "Hong Kong identity". Third , neo-colonial passage a l’acte is the moment of transgression at which neo-colonial acting out fails to maintain the semblance. At the heart of this is a profound hatred towards alterity, or xenophobia.
Indonisia 34. Iin CANDRAWAT Faculty of Chemistry Mathematics and Natural Science, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Indonesia Ruli Dwi SUSANTI Faculty of civil and planning engineering, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Indonesia Decolonization of Asian Musical Cultures as Geographies Modernism The decolonization of Asian musical cultures is very much related to the collapse of the distinctions, hierarchic structures, and valuations in musical thought. It also presents a concept of modernism, which refers not only to a departure from Western musical mores but also to a redefinition of a modernity in Western music that is premised on theoretical, structural and technological determinism, and a reexamination of the esthetic field in the pre-colonial musical practices of the East. In spite of the differences in musical awareness and varying degrees of objectification in musical discourse among Asian artists and musicians, evidence exists that points to a developing consciousness for the need to emancipate from colonialism and its symbols of power. Such consciousness provides a framework for the reconstruction of the modern Asian nation emerging from common colonial experiences by separate ethnic communities or what Smith calls “pre-modern ethnie.”
35. Audrey Surya PRAMESWARI Bachelor student of Law at Airlangga University, Indonesia Colonial Law, a Post-colonial Approach of Law ; Law and Recognition Under the colonialism of Netherlands almost 350 years long, and Japan within 3,5 years. Indonesia’s government and policies was also living under the control of foreign countries culture. A lot of reshaping has been done to convert the foreign law into a law structure that acceptable for the East Region. Nevertheless, the application of this constitution in Indonesia was somehow being too forced by the imperialist for their own purpose. Indonesia’s independence has woken up the government to remodel the past-influential colonial law. National Law is believed as the best law applied in Indonesia. The evolutionary and revolutionary ways are believed as the process to shape this National Law.